apportion


apportion
apportion 1 allocate, *allot, assign
Analogous words: *distribute, divide, dispense, deal, dole: *share, participate, partake
Contrasted words: *gather, collect, assemble: consolidate, concentrate, *compact
2 Apportion, portion, parcel, ration, prorate mean to divide something carefully and distribute it among a number.
Apportion suggests division on a just, fair, or equitable basis; it does not, however, imply equality in the divisions or in the persons or things affected by the distribution
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apportioned his time among various employments

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apportion the residue of an estate according to the terms of a will

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to apportion the judicial power between the supreme and inferior courts— John Marshall

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Portion (often with out) commonly suggests division into more or less equal shares
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in the portioning out of war resources China had been left at the end of the table— Feis

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the country was portioned out among the petty chiefs

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Parcel (usually with out) does not always imply immediate distribution, but it does imply division for the sake of ultimate distribution (as among purchasers or heirs); it is the preferred word when what is divided is cut into pieces, separated into lots, or distributed in small amounts
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it could be parceled out into lots fifty by one hundred feet at five hundred dollars per lot— Dreiser

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colonies were estates to be exploited for the benefit of the home merchants, and the world was parceled out among privileged companies— Randall

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Ration usually implies
authoritative allowance and an equal division of necessities (as fuel, food, or clothing) according to some principle (as of adequacy, sufficiency, or dietary variety or, when the available supply is limited or scanty, of fairness to all)
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ration the food for the horses

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where capital is short, it must be rationed intelligently, in the same way as gasoline and sugar were rationed in wartime— Lans

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the drinking water was rationed during the prolonged voyage

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Prorate implies proportional division (sometimes proportional assessment) for the sake of fairness to those concerned: it may imply an authoritative decision as by a legislature, or an agreement among those concerned
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prorate employment among the workers during slack seasons

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prorate overhead expenses among the various departments of a company

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the entire field was to be put in truck crops, and the yield prorated to the workers— Lord

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Analogous words: *grant, accord, award: *give, bestow: *separate, divide, part

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • apportion — ap‧por‧tion [əˈpɔːʆn ǁ ɔːr ] verb [transitive] formal to divide and share something between a number of people or organizations: apportion something to/​amongst/​between • a scheme which will apportion shares in state enterprises to the general… …   Financial and business terms

  • Apportion — Ap*por tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Apportioned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Apportioning}.] [OF. apportionner, LL. apportionare, fr. L. ad + portio. See {Portion}.] To divide and assign in just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to portion …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • apportion — ap·por·tion /ə pȯr shən/ vt: to make a usu. proportionate division or distribution of (an amount due) according to a plan: as a: to divide (an amount due in tax or other liability) among the parties responsible for respective shares of the… …   Law dictionary

  • apportion — (v.) 1570s, from M.Fr. apportionner, from O.Fr. aporcioner apportion, share out, from a to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + portioner to divide into portions, from portion share, portion (see PORTION (Cf. portion)). Related: Apportioned …   Etymology dictionary

  • apportion — [v] divide into shares accord, admeasure, administer, allocate, allot, assign, bestow, cut, cut up, deal, dispense, distribute, divvy, divvy up, dole out, give, lot, measure, mete, parcel, part, partition, piece up, prorate, ration, slice, split …   New thesaurus

  • apportion — ► VERB ▪ share out; assign. DERIVATIVES apportionment noun. ORIGIN Latin apportionare, from portionare divide into portions …   English terms dictionary

  • apportion — [ə pôr′shən] vt. [OFr apportionner: see AD & PORTION] to divide and distribute in shares according to a plan SYN. ALLOT …   English World dictionary

  • apportion — UK [əˈpɔː(r)ʃ(ə)n] / US [əˈpɔrʃ(ə)n] verb [transitive] Word forms apportion : present tense I/you/we/they apportion he/she/it apportions present participle apportioning past tense apportioned past participle apportioned formal 1) to divide… …   English dictionary

  • apportion — v. (D; tr.) to apportion among, between (the funds were apportioned among the various departments) * * * [ə pɔːʃ(ə)n] between (the funds were apportioned among the various departments) (D; tr.) to apportion among …   Combinatory dictionary

  • apportion — ap|por|tion [əˈpo:ʃən US o:r ] v [T] formal [Date: 1500 1600; : French; Origin: apportionner, from portionner to portion ] to decide how something should be shared between various people ▪ It s not easy to apportion blame (=say who deserves to be …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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